Scoliosis, a medical condition that may affect the backs of children and adolescents, causes an abnormal curvature of the spine, giving the appearance that it is shaped like the letter "C" or "S". An individual who is affected by scoliosis may also appear to lean to one side when standing upright. You can check the best hospital for overseas scoliosis treatment. Three types of scoliosis can affect children; idiopathic scoliosis, congenital scoliosis, and neuromuscular scoliosis.
More than 80% of individuals with idiopathic scoliosis are scoliosis, which simply means that the cause of scoliosis is unknown. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common among girls between the ages of 10 and 18.
Congenital scoliosis occurs during fetal development and is usually caused by a lack of spine, spine fails to form, partially formed spine, or the complete lack of separation between at least two vertebrae. Neuromuscular scoliosis can occur due to certain neurological conditions, such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, or muscular dystrophy.
Evaluation for scoliosis will often begin with a medical history to help identify early onset of trauma or birth defects that could lead to curvature of the spine. A physical evaluation for scoliosis includes an examination of the spine, chest, pelvis, legs, feet, and skin. If the shape of the spine affects the nervous system, the patient may experience bladder or bowel movements uncontrolled.