Cellular towers are cell-like enabled mobile device sites where antennas and electronic communications equipment are placed in a certain format on a radio mast or other raised structure. They are always built by a company or a wireless site in the event of expanding their network coverage. Electronic communications and other devices that support communication in a network are found here. Various activities are put into consideration before the start of cellular tower construction for carriers.
Their main job is to elevate antennas, which receive and transmit signals from mobile phones and other devices. A series of wires run from the antennas to the base station equipment which is located at ground level. The base station has structures such as transceivers which transmit and receive radio signals through the antennae. It also has some components like signal amplifiers and a system controller.
To ensure a targeted area, engineers need to ensure that antennas are tall enough, thus a height of around 100 feet. The structures can be erected on their own with steel pole, or they can be fixed to other structures. In the event of fixing, they are often attached to buildings, bridges or even tunnels, to ensures a wider coverage.
Most people find these areas irritating and try to avoid them. Designers have, therefore come up with new sites that can be concealed from the general public. These sites include church bells and other areas. It hence dictates the availability of network in remote places and areas where others think such structures cannot be launched.
The range for which they work can connect reliably, but it is not fixed hence depends on various factors. They include height, frequency, and rated power of the transmitter. Weather conditions and directional characteristics around the site is also a factor. These, among other factors, dictate the location and design of the structure to be laid.
For the sake of cost and service to the people, these structures are mostly erected in densely populated areas. The surveyors and company individuals look for areas which can as well serve a larger group of people at the same time to minimize the cost and maximize the service users. The capacity limitation determines the spacing of the network sites.
Flat terrains provide possibilities for more spacing of networks, whereas hilly terrains reduce the spacing for the network sites. That is why it might be a little harder to get faster network connectivity on a hilly place as compared to a flat region. Connectivity is, therefore, more on the flat areas than the hilly ones hence the faster rates. Such logic can also be used to relate to the lower networks in highly populated areas since mobile phones might be blocked from getting the connections even when they indicate network presence.
In the changing world system and due to modernization, which has introduced the 4G and 5G, many mobile network providers are looking forward to decreasing the number of sites. Mobile networks are in the process of merging to ensure a more exclusive system. As a result, this would lower operating expenses and maximize profits.